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People who live with you (non-dependants)

What is a non-dependant?

People who normally share your accommodation but are not dependent on you for financial support are known as non-dependants. Others who live with you as a family and any children you have fostered do not count as non-dependants.

The following do not count as non-dependants:

  • carers employed by a charity that charges for the service
  • joint tenants
  • subtenants
  • boarders
  • tenants of owner occupiers
  • landlords/ladies and their partners

They do not count as part of your household.

Non-dependants are people like grown-up sons or daughters and elderly relatives. If you have a non-dependant living with you, your housing benefit and council tax support may be affected.

Non-dependant deductions

Housing benefit and council tax support are normally reduced for each non-dependant living in your home.

If the non-dependant is working less than 16 hours a week, the lowest deduction will apply.

If the non-dependant is doing paid work for 16 hours or more a week, the level of deduction will depend on the non-dependant's gross income. We will ask to see evidence of this.

A deduction will not be made if you or your partner are:

  • registered blind
  • receiving Attendance Allowance
  • receiving the care component of Disability Living Allowance

No deductions are made if the non-dependant is:

  • receiving Pension Credit
  • aged under 18
  • a full time student (but for housing benefit only, and if the claimant or partner are under 65, there is a deduction for summer vacation if the non-dependant works 16 hours a week or more)
  • a prisoner
  • has been in hospital for 52 week or more

No deduction will be made from your housing benefit if the non-dependant is under 25 and on Income Support or income based Job Seekers Allowance.

No deduction will be made from your housing benefit if the non-dependant is in receipt of income related Employment and Support Allowance which does not include a component.

No deduction will be made from your council tax support if the non-dependant is on Income Support, income based Job Seekers Allowance or income related Employment and Support Allowance.

A deduction may be delayed for 26 weeks if you or your partner are aged 65 or more and a non-dependant moves into your home or the non-dependant's circumstances change to increase the deduction.

Housing Benefit Non-dependant deduction rates 

Non-dependants circumstances April 2017/2018 deductions
In receipt of state Pension Credit Nil
In receipt of main phase ESA(IR) £14.80
Not in receipt of main phase ESA(IR) Nil
Aged 25 or over and on IS/JSA(IB) or aged 18 or over and not in remunerative (16 hours) work £14.80
Aged 18 or over and in remunerative (16 hours) paid work and:
Gross income less than £136 £14.80
Gross income not less than £136 but less than £200 £34.00
Gross income not less than £200 but less than £259 £46.65
Gross income not less than £259 but less than £346 £76.45
Gross income not less than £346 but less than £430 £86.95
Gross income more than £430 £95.45
  
Non-dependants circumstances April 2016/2017 deductions
In receipt of state Pension Credit Nil
In receipt of main phase ESA(IR) £14.65
Aged under 25 and on IS or JSA(IB) or ESA(IR) which does not include an amount for the support component or work related activity component or Universal Credit where the award is calculated on the basis that the adult has no earnings Nil
Aged 25 or over and on IS/JSA(IB) or Universal Credit where the award is calculated on the basis that the adult has no earnings or aged 18 or over and not in remunerative (16 hours) work £14.65
Aged 18 or over and in remunerative (16 hours) paid work and:
Gross income less than £133 £14.65
Gross income not less than £133 but less than £195 £33.65
Gross income not less than £195 but less than £253 £46.20
Gross income not less than £253 but less than £338 £75.60
Gross income not less than £338 but less than £420 £86.10
Gross income more than £420 £94.50
  
Non-dependants circumstances April 2015/2016 deductions
In receipt of state Pension Credit Nil
In receipt of main phase ESA(IR) £14.55
Not in receipt of main phase ESA(IR) Nil
Aged 25 or over and on IS/JSA(IB) or aged 18 or over and not in remunerative (16 hours) work £14.55
Aged 18 or over and in remunerative (16 hours) paid work and:
Gross income less than £129 £14.55
Gross income not less than £129 but less than £189 £33.40
Gross income not less than £189 but less than £246 £45.85
Gross income not less than £246 but less than £328 £75.05
Gross income not less than £328 but less than £408 £85.45
Gross income more than £408 £93.80

  

Non-dependants circumstances April 2014/2015 deductions
In receipt of state Pension Credit Nil
In receipt of main phase ESA(IR) £14.15
Aged under 25 and on IS or JSA(IB) or ESA(IR) which does not include an amount for the support component or work related activity component. Nil
Aged 25 or over and on IS/JSA(IB) or aged 18 or over and not in remunerative (16 hours) work £14.15
Aged 18 or over and in remunerative (16 hours) paid work and:
Gross income less than £128 £14.15
Gross income not less than £128 but less than £188 £32.45
Gross income not less than £188 but less than £245 £44.55
Gross income not less than £245 but less than £326 £72.95
Gross income not less than £326 but less than £406 £83.05
Gross income more than £406 £91.15

  

Council Tax Support Non-dependant deduction rates 

Non-dependant circumstances April 2017/2018 deductions
Age 18 and over and in remunerative (16 hours) paid work and:
Gross income less than £195 £3.80
Gross income not less than £195 but less than £338 £7.65
Gross income not less than £338 but less than £420 £9.65
Gross income greater than £420 £11.55
Other circumstances, aged 18 or over £3.80
In receipt of Pension Credit, IS, JSA(IB), ESA(IR), or Universal Credit where the award is calculated on the basis that the adult has no earnings

Non-dependant circumstances April 2016/2017 deductions
Age 18 and over and in remunerative (16 hours) paid work and:
Gross income less than £195 £3.77
Gross income not less than £195 but less than £338 £7.58
Gross income not less than £338 but less than £420 £9.56
Gross income greater than £420 £11.45
Other circumstances, aged 18 or over £3.77
In receipt of Pension Credit, IS, JSA(IB), ESA(IR), or Universal Credit where the award is calculated on the basis that the adult has no earnings

Non-dependant circumstances April 2015/2016 deductions
Age 18 and over and in remunerative (16 hours) paid work and:
Gross income less than £189 £3.74
Gross income not less than £189 but less than £328 £7.52
Gross income not less than £328 but less than £408 £9.49
Gross income greater than £408 £11.36
Other circumstances, aged 18 or over £3.74
In receipt of Pension Credit, IS, JSA(IB), ESA(IR), or Universal Credit where the award is calculated on the basis that the adult has no earnings

Non-dependant circumstances April 2014/2015 deductions
Age 18 and over and in remunerative (16 hours) paid work and:
Gross income less than £188 £3.80
Gross income not less than £188 but less than £326 £7.54
Gross income not less than £326 but less than £406 £9.52
Gross income greater than £406 £11.39
Other circumstances, aged 18 or over £3.80
In receipt of Pension Credit, IS, JSA(IB), ESA(IR), or Universal Credit where the award is calculated on the basis that the adult has no earnings


Where can I find out more?

For more information visit: Changes to Housing and Council Tax Benefit page

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